What are the steps involved to design PhD research methods? Explain about two primary research method commonly used for the PhD program


  • PhD Research Methodology Research Design helps in planning the research design and assist you in collecting and analyzing the needed information for your PhD research
  • The main objective of Research Design Methodology is to formulate a research problem that requires precise investigation for developing a working thesis
  • PhD Methodology Research Design Help follows a well-organized procedure utilized by scientist to drive your study and get a good outcome.


The Research Design and Methodology is the integral part of the study that aims to explain how to drive the research and which data analysis method you will use to research. It is a framework that explains various other research theories, assumptions to give a working framework suitable for your study.

The research method includes information such as,

  • A framework of research such as assumptions and theories
  • Methods and techniques used to enhance the reliability and validity of the research work
  • The theoretical orientation of the research
  • Justification for choosing this method
  • Consideration and limitation of selected research method

Designing your PhD research methods

Preparing a PhD design is the challenging task that involves various steps,

    1. Defining basis information Qualitative or quantitative

Experts for framing a PhD Research Design & Methodology is based on the data needed to interpret the result of the research. Qualitative data is descriptive and which can be observed not measured. Quantitative data is information about quantities.

    1. Determine the subject of the experiment

The approach of data collection varies based on different fields of the study and relies on the required information. So, determining the area of study is required to drive the research method. The objective of data collection is to ensure the information and reliable data for statistical analysis, so it is easy to make data-driven decisions for research.

    1. Identify the approach of the research methodology

The two different approaches to follow in research method is a qualitative and quantitative approach. The research approach is a plan and procedure that consist of steps of broad assumptions to methods of data collection. Choosing the right data collection method is an important step that can change the fate of the research you carry out.

    1. Identify sample design

The sample design is a framework that serves as the basis for the selection of the survey sample and can change many other aspects of the survey. Identification of sample design is a more significant step that provides a basic plan and Methodology for selecting the sample.

    1. Data collection

It is the process of collecting, analyzing, measuring, accurate research using the standard validated technique. Framing PhD Research Methodology is the process of validating the information on target variables involves two Primary Dissertation Research Methods.

  1. Analysing and interpretation

It is the process of making sense to collect data using various techniques. Data collection is the systematic analysis of recording the information. Data interpretation involves explaining those patterns and trends.

Qualitative research method

Qualitative type of research method focuses on examining the area of study through external factors. This type of research has various ways to collect data from an individual. The primary dissertation research method used are interview, open-ended questions, focus group.  PhD Research Design Consulting Services helps in gaining insight into people’s thought and beliefs around certain behaviour and system.

The three primary dissertation research method used to collect the data are,

    1. Case study:

The case study is the only standard approach to study the working environment with the help of multiple sources of data. It provides a detailed study of a specific subject like the person, group, event, organization. These case study commonly use in education, clinical and business research. It is the research method that involved a detailed examination of a particular study.

  1. Observation:

The observation is a data collection method gathered knowledge of the research phenomenon by observing researched phenomenon—one of the simplest methods that do not require any technical knowledge to get results. Scientific controlled observation requires some technical skills to interpret the data. Observation is the main basis of formulating the hypothesis. The main advantage of this method is researchers do not depend on the information provided by the respondent.

Quantitative research methods

    1. Primary data collection:

It is the approach of data collected by the researcher. This approach allows the researchers to decide what exact variables operationalized in the study. PhD Research Design and Methodology analyze the data using a statistical technique to assess the natural relationship between the variables.

  1. Secondary data collection:

This approach differs and involves the statistical analysis of data collected by other researchers. It requires selection of publicly involved data sets for research. Secondary data analysis saves time for researchers to assess the information reliable. However, before start using these data’s researchers must build the research question based on the available data.


Data analysis is the process eventually helps to arrive conclusions by proving the hypothesis. Qualitative Research Methodology Editing Helps to frame the objectives that are supposed to measure, explore the relationships between multiple measures.


  • Jonker, J., & Pennink, B. (2010). The essence of research methodology: Guide for master and PhD students in management science. Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Steyaert, C. (1997). A qualitative methodology for process studies of entrepreneurship: Creating local knowledge through stories. International Studies of Management & Organization, 27(3), 13-33.
  • Suri, H. (2011). Purposeful sampling in qualitative research synthesis. Qualitative research journal, 11(2), 63.
  • Rutberg, S., & Bouikidis, C. D. (2018). Focusing on the fundamentals: A simplistic differentiation between qualitative and quantitative research. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 45(2), 209-213.
  • Williams, C. (2007). Research methods. Journal of Business & Economics Research (JBER), 5(3).

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